Several studies show that most of the people involved in mobility experiences have added values in terms of skills, open mind, self-confidence etc. It represents the possibility for a young people to enter in a learning path: personal, social, intercultural, professional competences are acquired thanks to non-formal, peer education and daily engagement. Moreover, the participation increased the opportunities to find a job.
The Erasmus Impact Study (2014), that measured for the first time the impact of Erasmus programme (2007-2014) on employability skills, demonstrates that young people who study or attend a training abroad enhance their employability and their career development skills:
1. The risk of facing long-term unemployment is reduced to half;
2. One in three trainees are offered a position in their host company abroad after the traineeship;
3. They develop an entrepreneurial attitude and most of them continue to live and work in an international environment.
The approach used during the mobility period is the key for its success. The young people, during the whole experience, will get to know with new contexts, habits, traditions, new people and new points of reference. They might lose their own and need to define new references relativizing the cultural process experienced till that time. The learning process lasts for the whole service but the awareness process starts later on.
These are the reasons why mobility has become, nowadays, one of the most important non-formal education methods for young people in Europe to improve their personal development and professional skills. Mobility is now available to people of all ages and coming from different socioeconomically backgrounds (e.g. children, students, youth workers, apprentices, managers, teachers, people with no qualifications and no language skills, entrepreneurs, etc.). The main mobility projects are included in the Erasmus+ Programme and 14.7 billion euros are allocated by the European Commission for projects developed around Education, Training, Youth and Sport. Erasmus+ covers the three Key Actions:
KA1: Learning Mobility of Individuals
KA2: Cooperation for Innovation And Exchange of Good Practices
KA3: Support for Policy Reform
According to the European Commission, the European mobility programmes “shall encourage young citizens to take an active role in social action and community development, and they shall offer a once-in-lifetime experience for personal development”.
Getting a grant is possible today for everyone who meets the criteria imposed by the Erasmus+ Programme. But having a grant is not enough to succeed in a mobility project. Behind a good mobility project there are hours of research and preparation. The key role in this equation is played not just by the direct beneficiaries, but by the project managers and tutors who will follow the path of the project from its creation to the final completion report.